I-Way, the three-year project funded by the European Union, aims to “enhance driver's perception on road environment and improve his responses in time critical situations by providing real time information from other vehicles in the vicinity and from effectively located roadside equipment as well." The system will be used to communicate information about hazards such as traffic jams, road obstacles, accidents, lane deviation, and driver fatigue.
The system uses already existing, simple and inexpensive technologies. The I-Way network is comprised of an in-vehicle sensing system, the road infrastructure, and a network linking it to other cars.
“We use information from in-vehicle sensors, car-to-car communication and communication with roadside infrastructure to create a picture of driving conditions in real time,” said Andrea Migliavacca, coordinator of the I-WAY project.
The in-vehicle system is composed of five modules: vehicle sensing, data acquisition, the vehicle’s mobile interface, situation assessment, and communication. The external system: data acquisition equipment that senses dangerous conditions, and a road management system that “holds and manages the real-time road information” (pdf).
Grip and EEG sensors, and an eye-tracking camera monitor the driver, and a camera monitors the road.
I-Way will be completed in January 2009. How results will be implemented remain to be seen.